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The following article concerning the miracle of the sun by Dr. Courtenay Bartholomew was excerpted from Her Majesty Mary Queen of Peace: End Times Prophecies and Warnings of Mary (Queenship, 2002).

 

The Daily News, which commanded the largest circulation in Portugal at the time, had a headline which read: The Miracle of Fatima. More than fifty thousand people gather at the place of the apparitions. The article continued as follows: “A wave of emotion seemed to take hold of those many thousands of believers and curious alike. As a great number of people had their umbrellas open, the little ones asked the people to shut them. Then an extraordinary thing happened. According to the testimony of thousands and thousands present there, the sun appeared like a dull silver plate spinning round in a circular movement as if it were moved by electricity, according to the expression used by knowledgeable people who witnessed the fact. Then thousands of people, swayed by emotion and who knows, even dazzled by the light of the sun that had appeared for the first time that day, fell to the ground, weeping and raising their hands, joined instinctively in prayer. On their faces expression of ecstatic rapture could be observed. Their simple hearts prayed and wept in the presence of this strange sensation, which for them at the moment was miraculous. According to what we heard, there were people who seemed to see the sun leave its supposed orbit, break through the clouds and descend to the horizon, many crying out in fear that the giant orb would precipitate itself to the earth on top of them, and imploring the protection of the “Holy Virgin.”

Dr. Garrett also wrote the following testimony in December 1917: “The sun had broken through the thick layer of clouds that hid it and shone clearly and intensely … It was a remarkable fact that one could fix one’s eyes on the brazier of heat and light without any pain in the eyes or blinding of the retina … The sun’s disc did not remain immobile for it spun round on itself in a mad whirl, when suddenly a clamor was heard from all the people. The whirling sun seemed to loosen itself from the firmament and advanced threateningly upon the earth as if to crush us with its huge fiery weight. The sensation during those moments was terrible.”

 

After ten minutes the sun retreated to its celestial abode. The spectators were rescued, as it were, from apparent annihilation! October 13, 1917, was an unforgettable experience for those 70,000 people. The poet Alfonso Lopes Yleira saw the miracle of the sun from his own house. Other distant witnesses of this event absolutely destroyed any theory of mass suggestion or hallucination generated by emotion and expectation among the crowd as an explanation of what was seen in the sky.

 

At that time science knew little about nuclear fission and fusion of atoms. An atom with its central nucleus is the smallest possible piece of an element. However, if was not until 1938 that the German physicist Otto Hahn discovered a new radioactive process: nuclear fission, with the power to release unprecedented amounts of energy. Nuclear fission is the splitting of the nucleus of an atom with the release of a huge amount of heat energy. This is the principle of the atom bomb. Nuclear fusion, on the other hand, is the joining together of two atoms of the lightest element, hydrogen, to form helium, which is the second highest element by atomic weight, However, a high temperature is needed before hydrogen is affected by nuclear reactions

 

Now, the sun is a gigantic ball of hydrogen nearly 1 million miles in diameter and in its core there is a furnace of about 15 million degrees Celsius, which continually converts hydrogen into helium by fusion. In other words, the sun is a gigantic nuclear reactor, a continuously exploding hydrogen bomb. It must be difficult to appreciate what a temperature of 15 million degrees Celsius means. Water, for example, boils at about l00˚C, and the temperature in an electric stove is less than 300°C. The surface of the sun is about 6,000°C, but its center is 15 million degrees Celsius. Indeed, if the solar surface was as hot as its core, the earth would be vaporized within a few minutes.

 

This nuclear fusion reaction in the sun has resulted in continuous explosions over the past 5 billion years (the estimated age of the sun). It is these continuous nuclear explosions which illuminate the planets and sustain life: on earth. In fact, the idea of a hydrogen bomb is to produce an extremely rapid conversion of hydrogen into helium, that is, to do exactly what the sun does, but to do it quickly. This is achieved by including a device causing an extremely high temperature in the bomb. This scale of temperature occurs during the explosion of a uranium or plutonium bomb. It is about 150 million degrees, which is about ten times greater than the temperature at the center or core of the sun! The miracle of the sun on October 13, 1917, performed by the Woman of the Apocalypse (Rev. 11:19:12:1), should now assume its true apocalyptic significance. It appears therefore that Satan is using the principle of the nuclear reactor, the sun, not to sustain life on earth but to destroy it.

 

Three days after the miracle, on October 16, the Russian Bolshevic Central Committee authorized Vladimir Lenin’s return from exile in Switzerland to Petrograd and a few days later he slipped back into Russia disguised with a grey wig, large spectacles and with his beard shaved off. On November 8, 1917, the Communist government was formally established under the name of the Soviet of Peoples’ Commissars. Lenin was President. Trotsky was Commissar for Foreign Affairs, and Stalin, the Commissar for Nationalities. Then on November 13, 1917, six months after the Blessed Virgin Mary had warned in Fatima, the Kremlin fell to the communists in Moscow!

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Before the Prince of Peace was born, the Virgin of Nazareth was only the “Queen-designate,” but when she said “yes” to Gabriel and God, the Holy Spirit overshadowed her, she conceived, and then became the Queen of Peace. Nine months later, she gave birth to the Messiah. A first-century physician recorded the event: “In the countryside close by, there were shepherds who lived in the fields and took in turns to watch their flocks during the night. The angel of the Lord appeared to them and the glory of the Lord shone around them. They were terrified, but the angel said, ‘do not be afraid. Listen, I bring you news of great joy, a joy to be shared by the whole people. Today, in the town of David a savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord…’ and suddenly with the angel there was a throng of the heavenly host, praising God and singing: ‘Glory to God in the highest heaven and peace on earth to men of goodwill'” (Luke 2:8-14).

But the event was prophesied by Isaiah: “For there is a child born for us, a son is given to us and dominion is laid on his shoulders; and this is the name they gave him: ‘Wonder-Counselor, Mighty-God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace’ (Isaiah 9:5-6). Then in his farewell discourse to his disciples at the Last Supper, the Prince of Peace said: “Peace I bequeath to you, my own peace I give you, a peace the world cannot give, this is my gift to you” (John 14:27). Paul later summarized his Lord’s mission: “He came to bring the good news of peace, peace to you who were far away and peace to those who were near at hand” (Ephesians 2:17).

Her Majesty’s mission is also one of peace. She not only gave birth to the Prince of Peace but she was at the foot of the Cross when he made peace between man and God. She appeared in the Rue du Bac in Paris in 1830 and in La Salette in 1846, and wept over the civil war which she prophesied would occur in France and other states in Europe. She appeared in Pontmain, France in 1874 towards the end of the Franco-Prussian war as the Lady of Hope, and saved the little prayerful town. She appeared in Fatima towards the end of World War I in 1917 as the Lady of the Rosary, in response to the prayers of Pope Benedict XV and the faithful, and promised that the war would end soon, but warned that another and more terrible war would come if men did not do as she said. World War II started in 1939. She appeared in Amsterdam towards the end of World War II in 1945 as the Mother of all Nations and also assured us that the war was shortly going to end, as she said, “thanks to the rosary.” She then appeared in 1981 in Medjugorje, Yugoslavia as the Queen of Peace warning us again about war. Yugoslavia paid her little heed except the parish of Medjugorje and its environs. War broke out in Yugoslavia in 1992. She also appeared in Kibeho in Africa in 1981 and warned of war and bloodshed. Her call for prayer and conversion was not heeded. It came to pass.

Little Jacinta, one of the visionaries of Fatima, said to Lucia before she died in 1920: “Make it known that the Sacred Heart of Jesus wishes that the Immaculate Heart of Mary be honored with him. People must ask for peace through the Immaculate Heart of Mary, for God has entrusted the peace of the world to her.” Indeed, when, according to Sr. Lucia, Pope John Paul II’s consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary in 1984 was accepted by the Lord, within two months, almost to the day, Mikhail Gorbachev came into power and introduced two new ideologies in Russia, glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring). It was the beginning of the fall of Communism and its promotions of wars.

But Russia is not as yet fully converted. This may await the definition of the fifth and final Marian dogma—Mary, Coredemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. And so, we should do as she says and pray the prayer of the Mother of all Nations, which she said is the prerequisite to the dogma: “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the Father, send now Your Spirit over the earth. Let the Holy Spirit live in the hearts of all nations that they may be preserved from degeneration, disaster and war. May the Lady of All Nations, (who once was Mary), be our Advocate. Amen.” Indeed, when the dogma, the last dogma in Marian history, is proclaimed, then more than ever before, all generations will call her blessed and she will be able to shower in abundance the graces of the Mediatrix, who advocates for us before the throne of God. She gained this privilege at the moment she said “yes” to his wedding invitation; that moment in time when she became the Coredemptrix and Queen of Peace.

In an address to the United Nations on September 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy said: “Unconditional war can no longer lead to unconditional victory. It can no longer serve to settle disputes. It can no longer be of concern to great powers alone. For a nuclear disaster, spread by winds and waters and fear, could well engulf the great and the small, the rich and the poor, the committed and the uncommitted alike. Mankind must put an end to war or war would put an end to mankind.”

Kofi Annan, the Secretary-General of the United Nations was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo on December 10, 2001. It was a significant and appropriate choice in this era of war. In his Nobel lecture he said: “We have entered the third millennium through a gate of fire. If today, after the horror of 11 September we see better, and we see further, we will realize that humanity is indivisible. New threats make no distinctions between races, nations or regions. A new insecurity has entered every mind, regardless of wealth or status… The 20th century was perhaps the deadliest in human history, devastated by innumerable conflicts, untold suffering, and unimaginable crimes. Time after time, a group or a nation inflicted extreme violence on another, often driven by irrational hatred and suspicion, or unbounded arrogance and thirst for power and resources. In response to these cataclysms, the leaders of the world came together at mid-century to unite the nations as never before. A forum was created, the United Nations, where all nations could join forces to affirm the dignity and worth of every person, and to secure peace and development for all peoples… In the twenty-first century I believe that the mission of the United Nations will be defined by a new, more profound, awareness of the sanctity and dignity of every human life, regardless of race or religion.”

A Reuter report stated that the day after he had urged the world in apocalyptic terms to pull back from the brink of further conflict, apparently signaling his anxiety over the Afghan war, on December 8, 2001, the feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Pope John Paul II said in a speech in Rome: “Dark clouds are gathering on the horizon. Humanity, which greeted the dawning of the third millennium with hope, now feels weighted down by the threat of new shocking conflicts. World peace is at risk.”

Now, on August 6, 1981, the feast of the Transfiguration, Her Majesty identified herself to the children in Medjugorje: “I am the Queen of Peace” and in the beginning of April, 1982, she made this request: “I wish a feast of the Queen of Peace on the 25th of June, the anniversary of the first apparition. When the Holy Spirit comes, peace would be established. When that occurs everything would change around you. I am asking you to spread peace and love. Pray for peace because Satan wants to destroy the little peace you have.” It is to be noted that when she appeared in Amsterdam as the Lady or Mother of all Nations, the prayer which she composed for the world was also an appeal to the Holy Spirit: “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the Father, send now Your Spirit over the earth. Let the Holy Spirit live in the hearts of all nations that they may be preserved from degeneration, disaster and war.”

This Queen of Peace is the Mother of all Nations and also the Mother of Unity, and her longing is for a world of united nations; nations with her children all of one faith. Our Lady’s concern is therefore not confined to individuals. It embraces entire nations. World peace cannot be achieved unless the law of the Author of Peace is taken into account; until nations return to God and the reign of Christ is established among the nations. This is why she wishes to be called “in these times” the Mother of all Nations.

Because she gave birth to the Prince of Peace, I have selected all the messages which she has given to Maria Pavlovic-Lunetti of Medjugorje on each Christmas day over the past decade from 1990 to 2000: “Dear children, without peace you cannot experience the birth of the little Jesus, neither today nor in your daily lives. Therefore, pray to the Lord of Peace that he may protect you and that he may help you to comprehend the greatness and importance of peace in your heart. In this way, you shall be able to spread peace from your hearts throughout the whole world. Pray, because Satan wants to destroy my plans of peace. Be reconciled with one another and by means of your lives help peace to reign on the whole earth” (1990).

“Today in a special way I bring the little Jesus to you so that he may bless you with his blessings of peace and love. Give your love as an example to your families. You say that Christmas is a family feast, therefore, dear children, put God in the first place in your families so that he may give you peace and may protect you not only from war but also during peacetime, and protect you from every satanic attack. When God is with you, you have everything, but when you do not want him, you are then miserable and lost and you do not know whose side you are on. Therefore, little children, decide for God and then you will obtain everything” (1991).”

“Dear children, today is the day of peace, but throughout the whole world there is a great lack of peace. Therefore, I call on you to build up a new world of peace together with me by means of prayer. Without you I cannot do that, and I therefore call all of you, with my motherly love, and God will do the rest. Do not forget that your life does not belong to you, but it is a gift with which you must bring joy to others and lead them to eternal life” (1992). “Today I rejoice with little Jesus and it is my desire that the joy of Jesus may enter every heart. I give you a blessing with my son Jesus so that in every heart peace may reign. I love you, little children, and I want you to come closer to me through prayer. You talk and talk but do not pray, therefore, little children, decide for prayer. Only in this way would you be happy and God will give you what you ask of him” (1993).

“Today I am joyous with you and I pray with you for peace; peace in your hearts, peace in your families, peace in your desires and peace in the whole world. May the King of Peace bless you today and give you peace” (1994). “Jesus is the King of Peace and only he can give you the peace that you seek. I am with you and I am presenting you to Jesus in a special way now in this new time in which one should decide for him. This is the time of grace” (1995).

“I am your mother and I wish to reveal to you the God of love and the God of peace. I do not want your life to be one of sadness but that it be realized in everlasting joy, according to the Gospel. Only in this way will your life have a meaning” (1996). “I desire that each of you reflect and carry peace in your heart and say: ‘I want to put God in the first place in my life.’ In this way each of you would become holy” (1997). “In this Christmas joy I give you the blessing of little Jesus. May he fill you with his peace. Today, little children, you do not have peace and yet you yearn for it. That is why, with my son Jesus, I call you on this day to pray, pray, pray, because without prayer you cannot have joy or peace or (a future). Yearn for peace and seek it, for God is true peace” (1998).

“Dear children, I am giving you the possibility to decide for peace. Through your ‘yes’ for peace and your decision for God, a new possibility for peace is opened. Only in this way, little children, will this century be a time of peace and well-being for you. Therefore, put little newborn Jesus in your hearts” (1999). “Dear children, today when God has allowed me to be with you with little Jesus in my arms, I rejoice with you and give thanks to God for everything he has done in this Jubilee year. I thank God especially for all the vocations of those who said ‘yes’ to God completely. I bless you all with the blessing of the newborn Jesus. I pray for all of you for joy to be born in your hearts so that in joy, you too may carry the joy which I have today. In this child I bring to you the Savior of your hearts and the One who calls you to the holiness of life. Thank you for having responded to my call” (2000).

But she is truly the Queen of Peace. The United States entered World War II on December 8, 1942. It was an entry which won the war for the Allies. It was the feast of the Immaculate Conception. The war ended when Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945. It was on the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Japan signed another formal pact in San Francisco pertaining to her surrender. It was called the Second World War Peace Treaty. It was signed on September 8, 1951, the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The signing of the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in Washington by Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan, abolishing medium range missiles in Europe took place on December 8, 1987, the feast of the Immaculate Conception. The Communist Party in Russia suddenly and dramatically collapsed without a shot being fired on August 22, 1991. It was on a very special feast day of Her Majesty, the feast of the Queenship of Mary! This was a fitting day for the triumph of Her Royal Highness. As Albert Einstein once said: “God does not play dice!” On December 8, 1991, the feast of the Immaculate Conception, began the Commonwealth of Republics and the end of the USSR. Twelve days later, Yeltsin of Russia met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican. Then on December 25, 1991, Christmas Day, the communist flag was taken down for the last time over the Kremlin and one year later, on December 25, 1992, once more on Christmas Day, Communism was declared illegal in Russia.

But peace is not simply the absence of war, and world peace must begin with the inner peace of all peoples and all nations, the peace of God in our consciousness. And so, as the song says: “Let there be peace on earth and let it begin with me. Let there be peace on earth, the peace that was meant to be. With God as Our Father, brothers all are we. Let me walk with my brother in perfect harmony. Let peace begin with me, let this be the moment now. With every step I take, let this be my solemn vow. To take each moment and live each moment in peace eternally; let there be peace on earth and let it begin with me.”

When that moment comes, “The wolf shall lie with the lamb, the panther shall lie down with the kid; the calf and lion cub will feed together with a little child to lead them. The cow and the bear will make friends, their young shall lie down together. The lion shall eat hay like the ox. The baby shall play over the cobra’s hole; and into the vipers lair the young child puts his hand. They shall not hurt nor harm in all my holy mountain, for the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of Yahweh as the waters swell the sea” (Isaiah 11:6-9), and “nation will not lift sword against nation, there will be no more training for war” (Isaiah 2:4).

Then it will be “as it was in the beginning.” It is the everlasting wish of Jesus, the Prince of Peace, who has entrusted the peace of the world to his Mother and the Mother of all Nations, the Coredemptrix who gave birth to the Redeemer and King of all Nations—Her Majesty, the Queen of Peace.

Dr. Courtenay Bartholomew, M.D., is a scientist from Trinidad who is considered a leading international AIDS researcher. He has authored a series of mariological studies from a scientific perspective entitled, A Scientist Researches Mary. The above article was excerpted from Her Majesty Mary, Queen of Peace, End Times Prophecies and Warnings of Mary, Queenship, 2002.

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As early as the fourth century, St. Augustine had recognized the responsibility of scientists, and in Book Five of his Confessions, he criticizes them thus:

It seems to me that the scientists were able to think clearly enough to form a clear judgment of the Universe, even though they could not penetrate through to its sovereign Lord. That is because such men fell into pride. They accurately predict the eclipse of the sun, then fall into a state of eclipse themselves. They neglect to investigate the source of the intelligence by which they conduct their research. Much of what the natural philosophers and scientists are saying about the Universe is true, but they show no interest in a devout search for the Truth who put the Universe together. So they fail to find Him, or if they do find Him, they do not honor Him as God or give thanks to Him.

I have learned from Augustine and today this scientist is attempting to redress that situation. In an attempt to understand the mystery of Mary, apart from the Gospel narratives, both old and new, I researched the mystics who had been privileged to have been given the life of the Blessed Virgin and her Son. One such mystic, the Venerable Maria de Jesus de Agreda, a seventeenth century Franciscan nun, wrote a monumental four-volume history of the life of the Blessed Virgin, La Ciudad de Dios (The City of God).

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World War I was still raging when on May 5, 1917, in a letter to his Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, Pope Benedict XV wrote:

Our earnestly pleading voice, invoking the end of this vast conflict, the suicide of civilized Europe, was then and has remained ever since unheard. Since all graces which the Author of all good deigns to grant to the poor children of Adam, by a loving design of His Divine Providence, are dispensed through the hands of the Most Holy Virgin, we wish that the petition of her most afflicted children, more than ever in this terrible hour, may turn with lively confidence to the august Mother of God

He then directed that the invocation, “Queen of Peace, pray for us,” be added permanently to the Litany of Loreto and made his ultimate appeal to her:

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Close to his death, he made his last will and testament and bequeathed his mother to be our mother also, our spiritual mother. “Woman, behold your son … Behold your mother,” he said first to his mother and then to John (John 19:26-27). “Woman, behold your son,” he said to her. He was obviously referring to her as the “woman” first spoken of in Genesis 3:15: “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; she will crush your head ” Indeed, it was on this hill called Calvary that this verse in Genesis was fulfilled. The word Calvary is from the Latin word Calvaria, meaning skull. The hill was also called Golgatha, the Hebrew word from the Greek Kranion, a skull. The Cross of the Redeemer was firmly crushed into the ground. And so, the “skull” was “crushed” by the man on the Cross, the Redeemer (“her seed”), and beneath that rugged Cross was the Co-redemptrix (not co-equal); one suffering woman, suffering with God who in turn was suffering for mankind and from them. Redemption begun at the Annunciation was completed on Calvary. It was 3:00 p.m. on a Friday.

But do we really understand and appreciate what it means to be “at the foot of the Cross” for three hours? Hers was the most spiritual, the most intense and incomparable suffering ever known; one solitary creature suffering with God, who in turn was suffering for all mankind and from them. She was a martyr whom God preserved from dying! That was the meaning of being the second Eve. That was the price of being Co-redemptrix, for from the very beginning of Creation she was thus chosen. But it was as though God had predetermined that one had to be a “Mary” to have the privilege of standing beneath the Cross. John speaks of that congregation: “Standing by the cross were his mother (Mary), and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene” (Jn 19:25).

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On Saturday, November 11, in the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., a re-consecration of the United States to the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary in the presence of the Papal Nuncio to the United States, His Excellency Archbishop Pietro Sambi, will take place.

In order to stress the importance of this act we wish to run the following article by Dr. Courtenay Bartholomew, which brings out with amazing clarity the efficacy of consecrating countries and peoples to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Consecration to the Immaculate Heart brought victory to the Allied side and an end to World War I; in fact, the armistice that ended the war was signed on November 11, the same date the Papal Nuncio chose  for officiating at the Mass for the United States. – Ed.

What are still little known worldwide are the private revelations of Our Lord made public through the famous and very holy Belgian mystic, Berthe Petit, a Franciscan Tertiary (1870-1943), who enjoyed the highest respect of Cardinals, Bishops, theologians and other members of the Church hierarchy at the time. While attending midnight Mass in 1909, she saw the wounded Heart of Jesus and closely adherent to it was the Heart of Mary pierced with a sword. Then she heard these words: “Cause My Mother’s Heart transfixed by the sorrows that rent Mine to be loved.”

Then on February 7, 1910, she saw the Hearts of Jesus and Mary interpenetrating each other and hovering over the Hearts was a Dove. Jesus then spoke: “You must think of My Mother’s Heart as you think of Mine; live in this Heart as you seek to live in Mine; give yourself to this Heart as you give yourself to Mine. You must spread the love of this Heart so wholly united to Mine.” A few days later her mission was revealed to her. It was to obtain the consecration of the whole world to the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary. […]

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What are still little known worldwide are the private revelations of Our Lord made public through the famous and very holy Belgian mystic, Berthe Petit, a Franciscan Tertiary (1870-1943), who enjoyed the highest respect of Cardinals, Bishops, theologians and other members of the Church hierarchy at the time. While attending midnight Mass in 1909, she saw the wounded Heart of Jesus and closely adherent to it was the Heart of Mary pierced with a sword. Then she heard these words: “Cause My Mother’s Heart transfixed by the sorrows that rent Mine to be loved.”

Then on February 7, 1910, she saw the Hearts of Jesus and Mary interpenetrating each other and hovering over the Hearts was a Dove. Jesus then spoke: “You must think of My Mother’s Heart as you think of Mine; live in this Heart as you seek to live in Mine; give yourself to this Heart as you give yourself to Mine. You must spread the love of this Heart so wholly united to Mine.” A few days later her mission was revealed to her. It was to obtain the consecration of the whole world to the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary. […]

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The symbols of Her Majesty as Coredemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate are imprinted in the Medal of the Immaculate Conception (Miraculous Medal). Its history began in Eden. When, in the fullness of time, God created Adam out of the dust of the earth and placed him in the garden of Eden, he then created Eve out of his rib and gave her to him as “a companion” (Genesis 2:18). Our first mother, the first Eve, the “Mother of the living,” then brought death to her children and the world by her sin of disobedience and by wanting to be “like God.” She, and soon afterwards the first Adam, fell prey to “the father of lies,” the ancient serpent, once Lucifer, now Satan, who deceived them (Genesis 3:4-5).

It was then that God made his first promise to mankind when he said to Satan: “Because you have done this, I will put enmity between you and the woman; between your seed and her seed; (s)he will crush your head…” (Genesis 3:15). God was referring to a new Eve and a new Adam. It was to be Mary and Jesus in time to come. She was to defeat him through her seed, the second Adam. Eventually, in the fullness of time the new Eve was born. She was to be the mother of the man, the new Adam, who was to restore life and the friendship of God with mankind. She was to be the new “Mother of the living,” the Mother of Mankind.

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