During a December 12, 2019 spontaneous homily on Our Lady of Guadalupe, Pope Francis made a passing comment regarding the traditional Marian title, “Co-redemptrix” saying, “Mary never introduced herself as Co-redemptrix.” True in itself in regarding her Guadalupe apparitions, this comment nonetheless ignited a heated global discussion of the Co-redemptrix title, as well as its potential dogmatic definition (cf, “Pope Francis and Mary “Co-redemptrix,” National Catholic Register, Dec. 21, 2019, Crux, Dec. 12, 2019).
2020 brings still more international articles discussing the legitimacy of the Co-redemptrix title (for example, “Pope Francis’ Teaching on the Coredemptive Role of Mary” La Stampa Vatican Insider, January 8, 2020), as well as positive reasons for a new definition of Mary as human Co-redemptrix with Jesus, for example in “7 Contemporary Fruits from a New Marian Dogma,” (David Armstrong, patheos.com). In this last article, Dr. Mark Miravalle, the St. John Paul II Chair of Mariology at the Franciscan University of Steubenville, Ohio makes a concluding reference to a confirmation for this Marian definition as stemming from a series of ecclesiastically approved Marian apparitions in which Mary herself specifically requests the Pope to declare as dogma her role as Co-redemptrix. The apparitions and image of The Lady of All Nations received the approval of the local bishop stating that they, in essence, consist of a "supernatural origin".
After some preliminary investigation into these Marian apparitions, it can quickly be confirmed that not only does Mary repeatedly and empathically request that the Holy Father proclaim a new dogma of her roles as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate (within the single concept of “Spiritual Mother of All Peoples,”), but that the Mother of God repeatedly identifies the proclaiming of this new Marian dogma as a heavenly condition for world peace.
The “Lady of All Nations” apparitions took place from 1945 to 1959 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, to the visionary Ida Peerdeman. On May 31, 2002, the apparitions received local Church approval when Bishop Josef Punt of Haarlem-Amsterdam officially declared the essence of the apparitions and messages “to consist of a supernatural origin.”
The overall messages (Amsterdamapparitions.com) call for global conversion and a committed return to the Cross of Jesus Christ, along with a new descent of the Holy Spirit to offset a forthcoming spiritual darkness, which gravely threatens humanity. But the backbone theme which runs throughout these heavenly communications is the request for a new dogma of Mary as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, Advocate to be proclaimed by the pope, as a heavenly condition for Our Lady to be able to fully execute her maternal intercession in order to bring, in her own words, “peace, true peace for the world (May 31, 1954).”
Here then is a presentation of the major messages from the “Lady of All Nations”—or “Mother of All Peoples” as she interchangeably refers to herself—which call specifically and urgently for this new Marian dogma, which will lead, according to these messages, to a new decent of the Holy Spirit and the graces necessary for world peace.
The first five years of messages present a general call of the imperative for conversion and a return to the Cross of Jesus, coupled with numerous prophesies about future political, economic, and religious events, many of which have already come to pass. These prophesies include the return of the State of Israel; the Communist takeover of China; the Korean War and ongoing difficulty with North Korea; the Balkans War; worldwide economic instability; economic currency wars; trade wars between the US and Europe; the recent Arab Spring; a man on the moon; the Second Vatican Council; and a grave global spiritual and religious decline (cf. Dr. Richard Russell, “Lady of All Nations: Messages of War and Peace,”www.motherofallpeoples.com). The documentable fact that most of the prophesies have already taken place provide a strong supernatural credibility for the principal Amsterdam request for a new Marian dogma of the Co-redemptrix.
On February 11, 1951, the Lady of All Nations dictates to the seer a new prayer directed to Jesus, beseeching him to for a New Pentecost through the Advocacy of Mary, in order to prevent “degeneration, disasters and war.”
Lord, Jesus Christ,
Son of the Father,
Send now your spirit over the earth.
Let the Holy Spirit live in the hearts of all nations,
That they may be preserved from degeneration, disasters, and war.
May the Lady of All Nations, the Blessed Virgin Mary,
Be our Advocate. Amen.
Further instructions from Our Lady direct that this “Prayer of the Lady of All Nations” should be spread throughout the world in preparation for the new dogma.
A few months later, on April 15, 1951, the Lady reveals to Ida the first of many requests for the new Marian dogma. Our Lady appears as being positioned at the foot of the Cross with the Cross of Jesus behind her, with sheep, representing nations of the world, at Our Lady’s feet. The image is itself a visual representation of the dogma, and should, according to the Lady, be spread globally to precede and prepare for the dogma’s eventual proclamation. She then begins with an explanation of the dogma. In the middle of the explanation, the visionary experiences a form of co-suffering which is linked to Our Lady’s ongoing mystical coredemptive suffering before the Cross:
This image will precede (here the Lady pauses for a moment and then repeats with great emphasis) will precede a dogma, a new dogma. Now I will explain it to you. Listen carefully.
The Son came into this world as the Redeemer of humanity, and the work of redemption was the Cross, with all its sufferings, spiritual and bodily. Then the Lady moves away from the Cross, and I stand again before that large Cross. Once again those dreadful pains seize hold of me, more violently than before. It lasts a long time for me, and then the Lady, as if surrounded by a haze, places herself before the Cross. I see her double over, and then she begins to weep. Such indescribable sorrow is written upon her face, and tears are running down her cheeks. Then the Lady says, “Child!” And now it is as if she transmits that suffering to me. First of all, I am seized by spiritual exhaustion, which I feel very strongly. And I feel the same pains as before, yet not as intensely as the first time. Suddenly it is as if I collapse, and I tell the Lady, “I can’t bear it anymore.” It lasts another moment, and then everything is over.
Once again, the Lady is standing clearly before the Cross, and she says:
Listen well and understand well what I am now going to explain. Once again I say: the Son came into the world as the Redeemer of humanity. The work of redemption was the Cross. He was sent by the Father.
Now, however, the Father and the Son wants to send the Lady throughout the whole world. For in the past, too, she went before the Son and followed Him. That is why I now stand on the world, on the globe. The Cross is firmly fixed upon it, implanted in it. Now the Lady places herself before it, as the Mother of the Son, who with Him accomplished this work of redemption. This image speaks for itself and shall already be brought into the world, because the world needs the Cross again.
The Lady, however, stands as the Co-redemptrix and Advocate before the Cross. Much controversy will arise over this. The Church, Rome, however, shall not be afraid to take up this struggle. It can only make the Church stronger and more powerful. This I am saying to theologians. Furthermore, I tell them: take this matter seriously. Once again, I say: the Son always looks for the little, the simple for His cause. Child, I hope you have grasped this well and can refute all objections.
Two weeks later on April 29, 1951, the Lady of All Nations continues her explanation of the desired Co-redemptrix dogma. The message is once again accompanied by the mystical experience of co-suffering by the visionary, and the revelation of Our Lady’s ongoing mystical suffering for humanity as Co-redemptrix:
I stand here as the Co-redemptrix and Advocate. Every thought should be directed at that. Repeat this after me: the new dogma shall be the dogma of the Coredemptrix. ‘Co’––this I stress especially. I have said: much controversy will arise over that. Once again I tell you: the Church, Rome, will carry through with it and fight for it. The Church, Rome, will incur opposition and stand firm. The Church, Rome, will grow stronger and more powerful insofar as she stands firm in the fight. My intention and my instruction for you is none other than to urge the Church, the theologians, onward to this fight. For the Father, the Son, the Spirit wants to bring the Lady, chosen to bring the Redeemer, into this world as Co-redemptrix and Advocate.
I have said: this time is Our time. By this I mean the following: the world is caught up in degeneration and superficiality; it does not know which direction to turn. That is why the Father is sending me to be the Advocate, so that the Holy Spirit will come. For the world is not saved by force, the world will be saved by the Spirit. For it is nothing other than ideas which rule the world. Very well then, Church of Rome, know your task. Bring your ideas, bring Christ anew.
Now the Lady moves away from the Cross, and once more I feel those terrible pains very fiercely. This lasts for a while, and then I see the Lady standing before the Cross as in a haze. Then again violent spiritual and bodily pains come over me. I feel so exhausted; it is as if I were going to collapse, and I say, “I can’t bear it anymore.”
Meanwhile I see the Lady collapsing beneath the Cross, and she throws both her arms around the feet of her Son, while weeping bitterly. After this I see her rise. From the right, I see a sword appearing, with its point directed at the Lady’s heart. Then I hear her say,
That was the stab which was predicted to me.
Then all pain and spiritual depression fall away from me, and I again see the Lady clearly, standing before the Cross. She looks at me and says,
Child, pass it on well that those who fight and work for this cause, which the Son wants to be realized, are to do so with great ardor and zeal.
Now the Lady smiles and says,
I will help them. I told you, recited to you, that simple prayer to the Father and the Son. See to it that it is made known throughout the world, among all peoples. They all have a right to it. I assure you that the world will change.
But you, child, shall simply pass on what I say. Your spiritual director shall simply do my will. You ask how it will come about? Just by spreading it; nothing else is requested for the time being. It is only that this shall precede. I say once more: precede. This image will be used as a preceding work of peace and redemption. Later on they will use this image for the Co-redemptrix ...
Now the Lady pauses for a moment. Then she says once more very emphatically,
The Lady, the Mother, shared in the sufferings, both spiritual and bodily. She always preceded. When the Father selected her, she was already the Coredemptrix with the Redeemer, He who came into the world as Man-God. Tell this to your theologians. I know, the struggle will be severe and great, ...” and then the Lady smiles to herself, and it is as if she gazes into the far distance––
but the outcome is already assured.
On May 31, 1951, Our Lady’s message specifically refers to the “new and final Marian dogma.” She offers further explanation for the “disputed” dogma for the theologians, and reiterates its predestined positive outcome. Our Lady also directs the visionary to view the wounds in her hands, which confirm the mystical tradition in favor of a spiritual stigmata experienced by Mary during her co-suffering with Jesus at the foot of the Cross:
The Lady is again there, and she says,
I stand here and come to tell you that I wish to be Mary, the Lady of All Nations. Look carefully. I am standing before the Cross of the Redeemer. My head, hands and feet as of a human being, as of the Son of Man; the body as of the Spirit. I have firmly placed my feet upon the globe, for in this time the Father and the Son wants to bring me into this world as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. This will be the new and final Marian dogma. This image will precede. This dogma will be much disputed, yet it will be carried through. I have repeated these things so that you may once more clarify this to your spiritual director and theologians and refute their objections ….
Now look at my hands and describe what you see.
Now it is as if there, in the middle of her hands, had been a wound. From there, from each hand, three rays of light are coming forth, shining upon the sheep. The Lady smiles and says,
These are three rays, the rays of Grace, Redemption and Peace. Through the Grace of my Lord and Master, and out of love for humanity, the Father sent to the world His only Son as Redeemer. Now both of them want to send the Holy, the True Spirit, who alone can bring Peace. Hence: Grace, Redemption, Peace.
The Father and the Son wish to send Mary, the Lady of All Nations, in this time as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate…
Now the Lady waits a moment and gazes before herself. Then she says,
Theologians, you will have no difficulty if you consider that the Lord and Master had already predestined the Lady for sacrifice. For the sword had already been pointed at the heart of the Mother. With this I mean to say that I always went before the Son in spiritual and bodily sufferings.
Our Lady’s July 2, 1951 message contains yet another theological explanation of the proposed dogma, as well as referring to the immediate timeliness of the dogma for the world:
I have spoken of the great movement of God that is to begin here: all should participate in it. Now look carefully and listen. The following is an explanation of the new dogma.
As Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate, I stand on the globe before the Cross of the Redeemer. By the will of the Father, the Redeemer came to the world. For this, the Father used the Lady. Thus, from the Lady, the Redeemer received only––now I am stressing the word ‘only’––the flesh and blood, that is to say, the body. From my Lord and Master the Redeemer received His Divinity. In this way the Lady became the Co-redemptrix.
I have said: this time is our time. This means that the Father and the Son wants to send the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate throughout the whole world in this time.
On the August 15, 1951 Solemnity of the Assumption, the first following the dogmatic definition of the Assumption on November 1, 1950, the Lady of All Nations uses the occasion to explain the appropriateness of the dogma of the Assumption preceding her final dogma as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate. The message records another the mystical experience of Ida suffering intensely when Our Lady moves away from the cross, to be followed by Mary’s own agonizing pain when returning to the front of the Cross.
I see the Lady. She says,
Today I come as the Lady of All Nations.
Then the Lady points around herself. She looks at me and says,
I crushed the snake with my foot. I became united with the Son, just as I was always united with Him. In the history of the Church, this, the dogma, preceded. As Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate I stand here now in this time, in Our time. The dogma of the Assumption had to precede. The final and greatest dogma is to follow. The Sacrifice is present and shall be present in the midst of the world, in this time.
Now the Lady moves away from the Cross and once again I feel intense pain. Then the Lady places herself again before the Cross, and I am greatly distressed at the sight of her suffering. I see a bright light coming from the Cross. The Lady says,
Humanity is entrusted to the Mother. For the Son said: ‘Woman, behold your son; son, behold your mother’––therefore, Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. Tell this to your theologians. Say that I wish to be and shall be the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate.”
This image shall precede; this image shall be spread. Tell this to your spiritual director. I am satisfied with everything, including his prudence. But ... the Lady of All Nations will place herself in the world. This is the will of the Father and the Son, with whom I am completely united again.
Just as the Son knew me, so did He take me back again. The final Marian dogma will be the greatest one: to stand as Co-redemptrix before the Cross in this time.
I have said: disasters will come, natural disasters. I have said: the great ones will disagree with one another. I have said: the world is falling into degeneration. That is why the Father and the Son now sends the Lady back into the world as she was. The Lady was once known as Mary.
Towards the end of the message, Our Lady roots her ultimate providential designation as Co-redemptrix in the final words of the dying Jesus to Mary and to John (Jn. 19:25-27). Messages on the proclamation of the dogma are often associated with upcoming disasters and catastrophes, as a means of their potential alleviation or mitigation.
On November 15, 1951, the Lady reveals that she was created and designed by the Father to be the Co-redemptrix, and that its dogmatic proclamation will comprise the final Marian dogma in history:
I see the Lady before me. She says,
Tell the world that I wish to be the Lady of All Nations. Let the world pray to the Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the Father, asking Him to send the Holy Spirit so that the True Spirit may live in the hearts of all nations. Ask that the Lady of All Nations, who once was Mary, may be the Advocate.
The Lady of All Nations is standing here before the Cross of her Son. Her feet are placed in the middle of the world, the flock of Jesus Christ all around. I come in this time as the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix. I was already Co-redemptrix at the Annunciation.
Now I ask the Lady what this means. She answers,
This means: the Mother was made Co-redemptrix by the will of the Father. Tell this to your theologians. Say, further, that this will be the final dogma of Marian history.”
This image shall precede, once again, shall precede. Bring this image into the world. And now I am speaking not for your country alone, but for the whole world. This world is degenerating. The world will suffer disaster upon disaster. The world will be and is economically and materially ruined. Wars will continue as long as no help comes from the True Spirit. Bring the people back to the Cross.
The December 31, 1951 Amsterdam message brings another confirmation of how Mary was chosen by God the Father to be Co-redemptrix from her immaculate beginning. This dogma, once again, will constitute the final Marian dogma (which can be confirmed theologically, since there would be no remaining Marian doctrines to define). Our Lady reiterates the necessity for the prayer of the Lady of All Nations to be spread globally in spiritual preparation for the dogmatic proclamation:
Now the Lady lets me see her image again very clearly. It is as if she would come forward, and then she says,
Pass on the following well. The Father, the Lord and Master, brought the Handmaid of the Lord into this world as Miriam, or Mary. She was chosen from among all women as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. Tell your theologians: she was already made Co-redemptrix at the beginning.”
The Lady of All Nations stands in the middle of the world before the Cross. She comes under this name as the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate, in this time. She will be taken up into Marian history under this title. The new and final dogma of Marian history will be the dogma of the Co-redemptrix and Mediatrix. As Advocate I stand now in this anxious time. All of you, no matter who or what you are, ask that the true Holy Spirit may come. This you shall ask the Father and the Son. The Divine Trinity will again reign over the world. The Lady stands here as the Advocate. The issue here is the Creator, not the Lady. Tell this to your theologians. Ask them to send this simple prayer throughout the world, and the Lady will give the strength and power to carry it through.
In the message of April 6, 1952, Our Lady specifies the event of Calvary as to the precise moment when she becomes most fully the Co-redemptrix. Although she was created immaculate by the Father for this purpose and began her mission of Co-redemptrix at the Annunciation through her fiat, it is at the sacrifice at Calvary and words of Jesus that Mary climatically becomes the Lady of All Nations as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate:
Tell the following to the theologians: at the sacrifice of the Cross came ‘the Lady’. The Son said to His Mother, “Woman, behold your son.” Thus, the change came about at the sacrifice of the Cross. The Lord and Creator chose Miriam, or Mary, from among all women to become the Mother of His Divine Son. At the sacrifice of the Cross she became ‘the Lady’, the Co-redemptrix and Mediatrix. This was announced by the Son while He was returning to the Father…
This time is Our time. The new dogma which is to come is the final Marian dogma: the Lady of All Nations as the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. At the sacrifice of the Cross the Son gave this title to the entire world. No matter who or what you are, for you I am the Lady.
Our Lady presents a critically important theological concept in relation to the proposed dogma during her October 5, 1952 message, when she clarifies that the three roles of Mary as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate form one integrated concept as the one Spiritual Mother of all peoples who performs these three spiritually maternal functions for humanity. She again offers a theological explanation of how at the moment of Calvary, Jesus established his mother as the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate, and goes on to call theologians to work towards agreement and support for this dogma:
Here I am again. I have come to bring a special message. Pass on everything well. Never has Miriam, or Mary, officially been called Co-redemptrix in the community, in the Church. Never has she officially been called Mediatrix. Never has she officially been called Advocate. These three thoughts belong closely together. These three thoughts form one whole. That is why this will be the keystone of Marian history; thus will this become the dogma of Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate.
And I am not reproaching theologians now as I say: why can’t you agree about this dogma? I will explain it yet again and make it even clearer.”
The Father sent the Lord Jesus Christ as Redeemer for all peoples. The Lord Jesus Christ was this from the beginning. He became this at the Sacrifice and at His departure to the Father. Miriam, or Mary, became the Handmaid of the Lord, chosen by the Father and the Holy Spirit. At the beginning she was––by this election––the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate of all nations. Only at the departure of the God-Man, the Lord Jesus Christ, did she become the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate.
At the departure of the Lord Jesus Christ, He gave Miriam, or Mary, to the nations in one act, giving her as ‘The Lady of All Nations’. For He spoke the words, ‘Woman, behold your son; son, behold your mother.’ One act, and by this Miriam, or Mary, received this new title.”
How is it that this is entering the world only now: ‘The Lady of All Nations’? Because the Lord has awaited this time. The other dogmas had to precede, just as her life first had to precede the Lady of All Nations. All the dogmas that preceded comprise the life and the departure of the Lady. For the theologians this simple explanation will be sufficient. It was necessary to give this explanation once again.
In her Dec 8, 1952 message, Our Lady offers still further explanation for the dogma, and reiterated the unity of her three roles as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate in one single concept and subsequent dogma of the “Mother of All Peoples.” She also directs for quick and prompt work for the dogma’s successful outcome:
The message which I have come to bring today is destined for all peoples. I come in this time as the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. In one act the Lord gave Mary these three titles, these three thoughts in one act. This new dogma will be much disputed. That is why I have given you the explanation of it…
I have said: this image shall precede. This image must go over the whole world. It is the interpretation and illustration of the new dogma. This is why I myself have given this image to the peoples. The prayer will remain until the end. The prayer which Mary as the Lady of All Nations has given to the world will have to be prayed in all churches. Use your modern means for this. Ask permission for this, and it will be granted you. Know well, the time is drawing near.
And the Lady of All Nations is here, everywhere, to help you. For she is the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. This will be the final dogma. Work on it promptly and quickly. The Lady of All Nations promises to help the world if it acknowledges this title, if it invokes her under this title.
On May 10, 1953, Mary delivers a special message for the Holy Father to lead all nations in praying the Prayer of the Lady of All Nations. The visionary saw a pope in the vision, but it was not the pope of the time (Pius XII):
The Lady is standing before me. She says,
I have come today to bring a special message. Ask the Holy Father to pray the prayer––which Mary as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate, under the title ‘The Lady of All Nations’, has given to the world––and to lead the nations in praying it.
Tell him: apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, teach your peoples this simple yet profound prayer. It is Mary, the Lady of All Nations, who asks this of you. You are the shepherd of the Church of the Lord Jesus Christ. Tend your sheep. Know well, great threats are hanging over the Church, are hanging over the world. Now the moment has come for you to speak of Mary as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate, under the title ‘The Lady of All Nations’. Why is Mary asking this of you? Because she has been sent by her Lord and Creator so that, under this title and through this prayer, she may deliver the world from a great world catastrophe. You know that Mary wishes to come as the Lady of All Nations. She is now asking that the people may hear this title from you, the Holy Father…
Then the Lady pauses for a moment, gazing into the distance. Then she says very clearly and slowly,
Marian thought will become more prominent in this time. Amsterdam will become the focal point of the Lady of All Nations. There, through this image, the nations will become acquainted with the Lady of All Nations and, under this title, they will ask her to obtain unity, and unity among the nations. This image will precede the final Marian dogma. First, this image shall come to Amsterdam. Your spiritual director and all who can take part shall see to the outspreading. It must become one large community, the guidance of which I give to the Dominican fathers. Let them be aware of what I am placing in their hands.
On October 11, 1953, Our Lady instructs that the great work of the “crowning” of Our Lady through the proclamation of the dogma will take place, but first the Church is to invoke her under this new title, and encourages praying of the Prayer of the Lady of All Nations, so that degeneration, disaster, and war may be prevented:
The Lady gazes before herself again for a long time. Then she says clearly and with emphasis,
The Lord is the Redeemer of all nations. Mary, the Mother, was chosen from the beginning as Co-redemptrix. She became Co-redemptrix at the departure of the Lord Jesus Christ to the Father. She became Mediatrix and Advocate of all nations.
The Lady pauses again for a moment and then says,
Because Mary was destined as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate, she comes now in this time as the Lady of All Nations. Because Mary is given the title‚ Lady of All Nations’, she has come under this title to different places, to different countries.
Then the great work begins: the crowning of Mary, the proclamation of the dogma of Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. First, however, let the Church and the nations invoke Mary under her new title and pray her prayer so that degeneration, disaster and war may be staved off from this world. If they do so, the nations of Europe will breathe a sigh of relief after 54.
The Lady says this with great emphasis. Now the Lady raises her forefinger as if in warning and says,
Holy Father, you have a great task to accomplish before you are taken up among Us. The Lady tells you once again: carry through with the plans that you have worked out. See to the final dogma, the crowning of the Mother of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Coredemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. In 54 you are to bring this new title among the nations. See to those countries in which the Lord Jesus Christ is being persecuted.
This can and will become a great world action, above which Mary will stand as the Lady of All Nations. I am helping; I shall be allowed to help the world and peoples through my Lord.
One of the most profound Mariological messages from Our Lady was delivered on 4, 1954, and is in a special way directed to theologians. She emphasizes that she is not bringing a new doctrine, but rather old ideas (such as the New Eve patristic concept) and that, indeed, the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, Advocate doctrines all already exist in their own Mariological books. It is absolutely true that the major foci of Mariology in the 1940’s and 1950’s were the doctrines of Mary as Co-redemptrix and Mediatrix of all graces, with many mariologists concluding to their imminent definition quite apart from any association with the Amsterdam apparitions.
The Mother also teaches that the foundation of her Co-redemptrix role is her Immaculate Conception. She invokes the theologians to fight for this dogma as the “crowning” of our Lady, and refers to the apostles and in particular, St. John the Apostle, as the prime example of the first theologian who accepted the Mother. The message ends with a symbolic image of the spiritual battle for souls between Our Lady and Satan, thus re-emphasizing the spiritual importance of the dogma for souls:
I see the Lady standing there with a very serious look on her face. She says to me,
Here I am again. Listen carefully! From the beginning, the Handmaid of the Lord was chosen to be the Co-redemptrix. Tell your theologians that they can find everything in their books.
Now I see an old library with lots of books. The Lady points this out to me. She pauses for a moment and smiles to herself as if inwardly amused. Nearly whispering, she says,
I am not bringing a new doctrine. I am now bringing old thoughts.
The Lady pauses again and then says,
Because Mary is Co-redemptrix, she is also Mediatrix, she is also Advocate. Not only because she is the Mother of the Lord Jesus Christ, but––and mark this well––because she is the Immaculate Conception. Theologians, I ask you: do you still have objections to this dogma? You will be able to find these words and thoughts. I ask you to work for this dogma. No, do not be afraid! A fight will break out. They, the others, will attack you; but the simplicity of this dogma lies in these last thoughts which Mary, the Lady of All Nations, gives you today. Fight for and ask for this dogma. It is the crowning of your Lady.
The Lady says all of this with emphasis on almost every word.
Then she gazes before herself for a long time. She has a peculiar expression on her face; it is as if she looks like Mary of long ago, when she was still in the world. Then she says,
The Lady, the Handmaid of the Lord, was chosen and made fruitful by the Holy Spirit.
Now the Lady pauses and I see a haze, a radiant veil coming about her. Then she says, very slowly,
The Lady was chosen. She was also to be present when the Holy Spirit was received. The Holy Spirit had to come over the Apostles,
and, raising her forefinger, the Lady says with emphasis,
the first theologians! For this reason, the Lord wanted His Mother to be present there. His Mother, the Lady of All Nations, at the departure of her Son became the Lady of All Nations, the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate in the presence of one Apostle, one theologian as witness. For he had to care for the Mother. She had to care for her Apostles.
As she says these last words, I first see someone from former times standing beside her, a young man in a long garment. Then that person is gone and I see several priests standing about her.
Now the Lady looks at me and says with emphasis,
This is the last time that the Lady will speak about this dogma. She will return, but for other matters. Tell your theologians, however, that now they have everything in their hands. Now they have to fulfill the will of the Lord Jesus Christ. This dogma must come as a keystone of Marian thought. Tell the theologians that the Lady of All Nations wants to see this fulfilled.
Look at the world. Mark well what I am going to tell you.
Now the Lady holds up her right hand, opened towards me. I see a large die lying in it. Then the Lady moves that hand as if she were shaking it over the world. Suddenly the scene changes. I now see a very different hand, more like a claw, which leaves me with a horrid, ghastly impression. In the claw, too, there is a die. The Lady says,
Satan’s hand is passing over the whole world, holding a die. Do you know, Church, Community, what this means? Satan is still the prince of this world. He holds on to everything he can. That is why the Lady of All Nations had to come now, in this time. For she is the Immaculate Conception and thus the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. These three thoughts in one. Theologians, do you hear this well?
The single most significant message of the entire Amsterdam apparitions concerning the dogma occurs on May 31, 1954, at that time, the feast of Mary, Mediatrix of all graces. Our Lady will invoke theologians and bishops (apostles) to work and ask for the dogma, instructing them that “you must petition the Holy Father for this Dogma.” Our Lady will grant a vision which explains the three titles in one whole; a further vision of the Holy Father in St. Peter’s Basilica pronouncing the dogma; as well as the promise that once the dogma is declared, the Lady of All Nations will bring peace, true peace, to the world. Due to its monumental importance, the May 31, 1954 message is here presented in its entirety:
Here I am again. The Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate is now standing before you. I have chosen this day––on this day the Lady will be crowned. Theologians and apostles of the Lord Jesus Christ, listen carefully. I have given you the explanation of the dogma. Work for and ask for this dogma. You are to supplicate the Holy Father for this dogma. The Lord Jesus Christ has done great things and will give all of you even more in this time, in this twentieth century.
On this date the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate will receive her official title as The Lady of All Nations.’ Mark well, these three thoughts in one act. These three.
Now the Lady shows me three fingers and moves her other hand around herself, and then it is as if a haze, a radiant veil, is coming about her.
And now I let your theologians see these three thoughts, these three thoughts in one act. I say this twice because there are some who want only one thought. The Holy Father will agree to the former. You, however, shall help him to get there. Understand all of this well.
Now, all of a sudden, it is as if I were standing with the Lady above the dome of a big church. As we enter, I hear the Lady say,
I am taking you there. Relate what I let you see and hear.
We are now in a very big church, in St. Peter’s. I see lots of cardinals and bishops gathered there. Then the Pope enters. It is a Pope I do not know. He is being carried in a kind of chair, but later he continues on foot. People cheer; the choir begins to sing. Now the Holy Father is announcing something in a language I do not understand, while holding up two fingers.
All at once the Lady stands on the globe again. She smiles and says,
Child, thus have I let you see what is the will of the Lord Jesus Christ. This day will become the coronation of His Mother, the Lady of All Nations, who once was Mary.
Now the Lady remains standing without saying anything, as she gazes far into the distance. This lasts a while and then she says,
And the Lady stayed with her Apostles until the Spirit came.
While she says this, that peculiar change comes over her face again; it is as if she were speaking from out of former times. I see priests and other people standing about her, as she says,
So also may the Lady come to her apostles and nations throughout the whole world, in order to bring them the Holy Spirit again and anew. For before great decisions, the true Holy Spirit must always be invoked.
Now the Lady pauses again for a moment, and then she says very strikingly, in a low voice,
And Mary stayed with her Apostles.
Now I see the Lady seated in a hall, surrounded by people from former times wearing long garments.
Then the Lady looks in front of herself, as if into the distance, and says very clearly and slowly,
My prophecy, ‘From now onwards all nations will call me blessed’, will be fulfilled more than ever before, when the dogma is proclaimed. The Holy Father knows his time. He will prepare and accomplish this before he is taken up among Us. On this day all nations will call me blessed. I have come on this day so that they
––and the Lady points about her––
will bear witness that the Lady of All Nations really and truly said this.
I said: Church of Rome, I will come only a few more times. By this the Lady of All Nations wanted to say to you: only a few more times before the proclamation of the dogma. Mark this well. And this is the sign: under this title, the Lady of All Nations may come every year among her children, among her apostles, among all nations.”
I have come to the world in various ways.
Now the Lady looks at the globe and shakes her head with a sad look on her face.
Now I ask: has this had any effect? The Lord Jesus Christ wants to grant yet another great favor to the world, and that is the word, the voice of their mother, the Lady of All Nations. By means of this instrument in a small country which is on a downward slope, the Lady of All Nations will give her motherly admonitions and consolations each year. Later on this will cease.
Child, they will believe you. I am here. I shall assist and help you. The image must be placed in public. Ask this of your bishop. He shall consent to having the image brought forth. He shall consent to the building of the church, the one I showed you. Everyone shall fight for this. Tell that to your spiritual director. I will help both him and the others, too. It is my prayer––tell that to your bishop. He shall consent to this. No, child, do not be afraid.
Now the Lady gazes before herself again, and it takes a while before she continues,
From now onwards all nations will call me blessed.
The Lady of All Nations wishes for unity in the true Holy Spirit. The world is covered by a false spirit, by Satan. Once the dogma, the final dogma in Marian history, has been proclaimed, the Lady of All Nations will grant peace, true peace, to the world. The nations, however, must pray my prayer, together with the Church. They shall know that the Lady of All Nations has come as Coredemptrix, Mediatrix and Advocate. So be it.
I will return, as I promised today, but in public.
This frightens me terribly, but the Lady says,
No, child, do not be afraid. So be it.
The Lady pauses for a long time, and then she starts speaking again,
Now I speak to the nations of the entire world: apostles and nations, kneel down before your Lord and Creator and be grateful. This world’s science has made people forget gratitude. They no longer know their Creator. Nations, be warned. Kneel down humbly before your Creator.
The Lady says this with immense reverence and devotion. She falls to her knees and bows her head so deeply that it nearly touches the ground.
Implore His mercy and He is merciful. Doesn’t He give you proof of it in this time? May the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit be with you all the days of your life. May the Father and the Son bring you the Lady of All Nations.
No matter who or what you are, I may be for you: the Mother, the Lady of All Nations.
Then the Lady gazes far into the distance, as if she were looking for people. It is as if she really wants to draw all people towards her, people who belong to our Church, people who do not belong to our Church and even people who do not belong to any church at all.
See to it, nations, that those who are in need––and by this I also mean spiritual need––are brought to the Lady. Work among the others with my prayer.
The Lady pauses for a moment and then says,
The Lady will return every year.
Note that following the vision of Our Lady in mist during which she emphasizes the three thoughts or concepts of Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate in one act of Spiritual Motherhood as given to Mary by Jesus on the Cross, she further comments that “there are some who want only one thought. The Holy Father will agree to the former. You, however, shall help him to get there.” Could this refer to the fact that some in the Church want to define only Our Lady’s role as Mediatrix, but not Co-redemptrix? The Co-redemptrix doctrine is theologically the foundation of her role as Mediatrix of all graces, since Mary’s unique participation in the obtaining of grace with and under Jesus as the New Eve is the reason (as several papal documents confirm) for her subsequent role in the distribution of grace as Mediatrix (cf. Vatican II, Lumen Gentium, 58, 61, 62).
Our Lady’s message therefore seems to suggest that the Holy Father will agree to the defining of the Co-redemptrix role as part of the final dogma, but bishops by their endorsements, theologians by their explanations, and the faithful by their petitions directed to the Holy Father will “help him get there.”
This final dogma will comprise, according to Our Lady’s word, the ultimate fulfillment of the great scriptural prophesy of the Magnificat that “all generations will call me blessed” (Lk. 1:48).
One year later, on May 31, 1955, Our Lady delivers a message intended for the whole world, in which she again beckons for the dogma, and essentially links the dogma to eventual world peace:
Why do you not ask your Holy Father to proclaim the dogma the Lady demands?....
Once the dogma has been proclaimed, the Lady of All Nations will grant her blessing, the Lady of All Nations will grant peace. She will help you when this dogma has been proclaimed.
On May 31, 1957, Our Lady’s message offers a brief message in which she again petitioning the Holy Father for the dogma, and also seems to associate it with an endangering threat against celibacy, which she in a previous message had called the “strength of the Church":
Go to the Holy Father and tell him everything. Ask for his blessing in the Prayer. Ask for the Dogma…I shall come back privately at the time chosen by the Lord to assist the Church and the priests. Say that celibacy is endangered from within, but the Holy Father must always uphold it, notwithstanding all opposition.
The messages of the Lady of All Nations urgently plea for the Holy Father to solemnly proclaim the threefold roles of the Virgin Mary as the Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate, all within the unifying concept of her relationship with humanity as the Spiritual Mother of all peoples.
The Lady reveals the “Prayer of the Lady of All Nations” and its image, itself a visual representation of the Dogma, with the instructions that they must be spread globally, through modern means, as a spiritual preparation for the proclamation of the Dogma. The Holy Father should lead the nations in praying the prayer within the universal church as an important part of the dogma’s groundwork.
She explains to theologians that she was providentially predestined by God the Father to be the Co-redemptrix with Jesus through her Immaculate Conception; that she began her Co-redemptrix role by her “yes” at the Annunciation; and that the ultimate fulfillment of her role as Co-redemptrix, as well as her subsequent roles as Mediatrix and Advocate, were granted by the dying Jesus from Calvary in the words, “Woman, behold your son…behold, your mother” (Jn.19:25-27).
Theologians are repeatedly called to fight for this final Marian dogma, bishops (apostles) to support it, and the faithful to petition the Holy Father for this dogma.
The messages repeatedly speak about this final and greatest Marian dogma as a condition for eventual world peace and the prevention or mitigation of potential global catastrophes. The Dogma would lead to a new descent of the Holy Spirit and the fulfillment of the scriptural prophesy, “All generations will call me blessed” (Lk. 1:48).
Thus, the locally approved apparitions and message of the Lady of All Nations bring immediate and even urgent relevance to the current discussion surrounding the Co-redemptrix title and the potential proclamation of a new Marian dogma.
Let us hope that it does not necessitate the prophecies of global catastrophes and chastisements to take place before we respond faithfully and obediently to Our Lady’s urgent plea that her roles as Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate be solemnly acknowledged by the Holy Father and the Church.
Even apart from potential disasters and their potential mitigation, does Our Lady not deserve humanity’s gratitude, thanks, and solemn acknowledgement in the form of a dogma for what she has suffered with hands under Jesus, our sole divine Redeemer, and mystically continues to suffer for us as our Co-redemptrix—our Mother—the Spiritual Mother of all peoples?
Joseph M. Aiuto
Joseph Aiuto is a freelance writer from San Francisco with a license in Sacred Theology.
 The original phrase read “who once was Mary,” but was changed at the request of the Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith in 2006 to “the Blessed Virgin Mary.”