On the night of May 29 to 30, 1930, Sr. Lucia was praying before our Eucharistic Jesus in the chapel. The Fatima visionary spoke “heart to Heart” with our Eucharistic Lord about various questions which had been submitted to her concerning a previous message which had revealed the Five First Saturdays Devotion of Reparation (December 10, 1925).
Sr. Lucia was pondering one particular question posed to her regarding the number of first Saturdays: Why does it have to be “Five Saturdays,” and not nine or seven, in honor of the sorrows of Our Lady? The Fatima seer then directed this question to our Eucharistic Jesus, and he responded with the further revelation of the five great offenses to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
Sr. Lucia records the event as follows:
I suddenly felt possessed more intimately by the Divine Presence; and if I am not mistaken, the following was revealed to me: “Daughter, the motive is simple: There are five kinds of offenses and blasphemies spoken against the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
First: blasphemies against the Immaculate Conception
Second: against her Virginity
Third: against the Divine Maternity, refusing, at the same time, to receive her as the Mother of mankind
Fourth: those who seek publicly to implant, in the hearts of children, indifference, disrespect, and even hate for this Immaculate Mother
Fifth: those who revile her directly in her sacred images
Here, dear daughter, is the motive that led the Immaculate Heart of Mary to petition Me to ask for this small act of reparation. And, out of regard for her, to move My mercy to pardon those souls who have had the misfortune to offend her. As for you, seek endlessly, with your prayers and sacrifices, to move Me to mercy in regard to these poor souls” (Documents on Fatima and Memoirs of Sr. Lucia, p. 246).
Reparation is that privileged ability for those in the Mystical Body of Jesus to spiritually atone to God for the offenses of others, and to offer a type of spiritual balm to the wounded Hearts of Jesus and Mary. Mysteriously, these two Hearts continue to suffer mystically due to humanity’s rejection of their redemptive and coredemptive love.
The five offenses against the Immaculate Heart of Mary revealed by our Lord manifest both the importance of authentic Marian doctrine and the maternal sensitivity of the Immaculate Heart. The first three offenses constitute rejection of Marian truths: that she is the Immaculate Conception, the Perpetual Virgin, and the Mother of God and Mother of all peoples. These doctrines are not simply abstract mariological formulations, but rather reveal the person of Mary as created by the Almighty God—a person perfected in grace and