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Clarifications on Pope Francis’ Guadalupe Homily Concerning “Co-redemptrix”

In response to recent articles concerning our Holy Father’s comments on the “Co-redemptrix” title and the possibility of a new Marian dogma made during his December 12, 2019 Homily on the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe, including in CruxNow, the following clarifications are in order.

The accurate words of the key lines of the homily of Pope Francis, given in Spanish during his non-scripted ex tempore homily, are as follows:

“Faithful to her Master, who is her Son, the unique Redeemer, she never wanted to take anything away from her Son. “She never introduced herself as ‘co-redemptrix.’ No. ‘

disciple” (Fiel a su Maestro, que es su Hijo, el ùnico Redentor, jamàs quiso para si tomar algo de su Hijo. Jamàs se present como co-redentora. No. discipula”).

Our Holy Father is completely accurate in stating that Mary never “introduced herself” as “co-redemptrix,” neither in the context of the Annunciation nor in the historical events at Guadalupe, the subject of his homily. This, though, does not in itself deny the doctrinal legitimacy of the co-redemptrix title when it is used with its proper meaning in referring to the unique participation of Mary in the historical Redemption accomplished by Jesus Christ, the only divine Redeemer.

Our Holy Father is furthermost accurate when he states that “She never wanted to take away anything from her Son.” Fortunately, when Pope St. John Paul II (and Pope Pius XI before him) repeatedly used the title, “co-redemptrix” for Our Lady, he likewise did not seek to take anything from Jesus and give it to Mary, but rather to identify Mary’s unique cooperation in the Redemptive work accomplished by Christ. The co-redemptrix title for Our Lady has been part of the Church’s Tradition since the 14th century and has been used correctly to identify Our Lady’s unequaled cooperation in the Redemption by popes, saints, mystics, bishops, clergy, theologians, and the faithful People of God, including by recent saints including St. Pio of Pietrelcina, St. Maximilian Kolbe, St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, St. Josemaría Escrivá, St. Teresa of Calcutta, and, again, Pope St. John Paul II.

The co-redemptrix title seeks to represent, in one term, the Church’s official doctrine of Mary’s unrivaled participation in the Redemption accomplished by Jesus Christ, the sole Divine Redeemer, which is repeatedly taught at the Second Vatican Council (Lumen Gentium, 56-58; 61) and by the papal Magisterium of the last three centuries. Pope Francis also strongly confirms in his December 12 homily the legitimacy of the title, “mother of all,” which has been proposed over the last century (starting in 1915) as the overall title and doctrine for a potential Marian definition, as presently none of the existing four dogmas (Mother of God, Perpetual Virginity, Immaculate Conception, Assumption) refer to Mary’s direct and maternal relationship with humanity as our Spiritual Mother.

Regarding the Holy Father’s comments regarding new dogmas in general, he can presently hold a certain position, but can also experience a further development in his position. This has clearly been the case regarding Pope Francis’ position to the Medjugorje apparitions, which has certainly developed from earlier comments which appeared to be somewhat negative, to his recent positive and unprecedented granting of permission for official pilgrimages to Medjugorje, even before the final word on the apparitions’ authenticity has been determined.

The international movement, Vox Populi Mariae Mediatrici, continues to pray and work in joyful anticipation of further development towards the potential solemn definition of Our Lady’s unique maternal role in our Redemption, as well as her overall doctrinal role as Spiritual Mother of All Peoples, in full obedience to our Holy Father and to the Church’s Magisterium.

Dr. Mark Miravalle

President, Vox Populi Mariae Mediatrici

December 13, 2019

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Jacek Miron
Jacek Miron
Dec 20, 2019

Messages that flow from Vatican day by day confirm the authenticity of the 3rd secret of Fatima published in spring 2010:

A qoute begins:

Tuy, April 1, 1944

JMJ Now I am going to reveal the third fragment of the secret: This part is the apostasy in the Church! Our Lady showed us the individual who I describe as the 'holy Father' in front of a multitude that was cheering him. But there was a difference from a true holy Father, his devilish gaze, this one had the gaze of evil. Then, after some moments we saw the same Pope entering a Church, but this Church was the Church of hell; there is no way to describe the ugliness of that place. It…


Dec 20, 2019

Disappointing response. the Holy Father has been present and approved the worship of a false God in the Vatican Garden, he personally confirms this. He attacks priests who wear their clerics as hiding their immoral actions. He constantly undermines church teaching with ambiguity. He promote Cardinals and bishops with obviously scandalous backgrounds and casts out the orthdox. Why pretend anymore?


Dominic Pedulla
Dominic Pedulla
Dec 18, 2019

Dear Professor, I highly applaud all your work promoting for all these years, through "thick and thin", and in a theologically sound and responsible way, the proposed 5th dogma, something this amateur theologian happens to think not only doctrinally sound, but also and perhaps even more, ecumenically sound (and even timely and opportune). But right now we're definitely "thin" more than "thick", and I fear you risk doing yourself discredit, and the 5th dogma movement some harm, by attempting, let alone purporting, to clarify the remarks of our Holy Father who for whatever reason makes a habit of confusing statements which he then does not clarify himself, even when some might predictably infer from those statements things harmful to authentic fait…


V Thant
V Thant
Dec 16, 2019

A mystic, I can't remmeber who, once remarked to her that Our Lady had told her that one of her biggest regrets was that so many of her children had failed to understand that she was a creature, created by God out of nothing, like the rest of us. It is surely a category error to seek to homogenize two totally different essential natures.


Dec 15, 2019

Thank you Dr. Miravalle for clarifying this statement by Our Holy Father. I just wish he had not used the word foolishness.

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