Why Mary is Our Mediatrix

Miles Immaculatae, 1938

The strict union that exists among the truths of Christian doctrine is known to us all. For Catholic dogmas are born from one another and perfect each other reciprocally. We can see an example of this in the Fathers of the Council of Ephesus. They proclaimed the divine Motherhood of Mary solely on the basis of the Catholic doctrine regarding the hypostatic union of the divine and human natures in the Person of the Word.

Once the relationship between Jesus and his Mother Mary became known, there arose the Catholic belief which holds that the Mother of the Savior was exempt from original sin. Catholics did not dare think that Mary had ever been enslaved to the devil even for a single instant. A wonderful hope of obtaining the sweet care of Mary also arose among the faithful based on the preeminent mission of the Blessed Virgin and on her unutterable union (her Immaculate Conception) with the Holy Spirit.

Immaculate Conception Linked to Mediation

And it is now clear that our relationship to Mary the Co-Redemptrix and Dispenser of graces in the economy of the redemption has not been understood from the beginning with uniform clarity. Nevertheless our belief in the mediation of the Blessed Virgin Mary is daily growing greater. In this brief ar­ticle we want to show what the dogma of the Immaculate Con­ception of the Blessed Virgin Mary contributes to the doctrine of Mary’s mediation.

The work of our redemption depends directly on the Sec­ond Person of God, Jesus Christ. By his blood He reconciled us to the Father, for with it he made satisfaction for the sin of Adam and merited for us sanctifying grace, various actual graces and the right to enter heaven.

Still, the Third Person of the Most Holy Trinity also partici­pates in this work in that He transforms the souls of men into temples of God by the power of the redemption achieved by Christ, and He makes us children of God by adoption and heirs of the kingdom of heaven, according to the words of St. Paul:

You have been washed, you have been justified in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God. (1 Cor 6:11)

The Holy Spirit, who is God-Love, unites us to the other two divine Persons when He descends into our souls. For this reason St. Paul writes in his letter to the Romans:

We do not know what to pray for as we should, but the Holy Spirit Himself pleads for us with un-speakable groanings. (Rom 8:26)

In the epistle to the Corinthians he also says the distribution of graces depends on the will of the Holy Spirit:

To one indeed is given the speaking of wisdom through the Spirit, to another the speaking of knowledge … to another the gift of healing in the same Spirit; to another die working of wonders, to another prophecy . . . One and the same Spirit however does all these things. (1 Cor 12:8-11).